When someone talks about the rehabilitation of cardiopulmonary conditions, the specialists which come forward are the cardiopulmonary physical therapist. Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy is an area of physiotherapy that specializes in the prevention, rehabilitation, and restoration of patients with diseases of lungs and heart.
The patient having cardiopulmonary diseases suffer from breathlessness, increased sputum production, a decrease in gas exchanges, reduced exercise capacity and increased fatigue, chest pain, etc. The Cardiopulmonary therapist helps the patients to overcome the physical and functional impairment, activity limitations, and participation restrictions due to the impairments of structures and functions of the cardiovascular and pulmonary system. They also play a significant role in the management of various conditions such as Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and many more.
The core component of cardiopulmonary physiotherapy interventions is exercise prescriptions. There are various methods and techniques which are used in cardiopulmonary rehabilitation viz. deep breathing exercises, breathing facilitation exercises, percussions and vibrations, coughing, mobility assistance, and individually tailored exercises, etc. Through these techniques a cardiopulmonary physical therapist can help patients to reduce breathlessness, increase functional capacity, reduce the exacerbations of conditions and thereby reduce the number of hospital admissions; it also enhances mental wellbeing and improves the quality of life.